Field Guide to
Plants and Animals


Share this page:

Approximately 3,400 species of plants and animals are known to occur on or adjacent to the four southern California national forests. Of these, over 470 species are identified as threatened, endangered, sensitive, or as species of concern. While the listings below are not comprehensive, they should help you identify that thing that ran through your campsite last night.
Amphibians Aboreal Salamander Arroyo Toad
Coast Range Newt Foothill Yellow-legged Frog
Giant Salamander Blotched Ensatina Salamander
Monterey Ensatina Salamander Mountain Yellow-legged Frog
Red-legged Frog San Gabriel Slender Salamander
Tehachapi Slender Salamander Tiger Salamander
Western Spadefoot Toad Yellow Blotched Salamander

Mammals American Badger Bobcat
Cactus Mouse California Black Bear
California Chipmonk California Leaf-nosed Bat
Coachella Round-Tail Squirrel Coyote
Desert Cottontail Fringed Myotis
Giant Kangaroo Rat Golden Mantled Ground Squirrel
Lodgepole Chipmonk Long-eared Myotis
Long-legged Myotis Los Angeles Pocket Mouse
Mojave Ground Squirrel Monterey Duskey Woodrat
Mountain Lion Mt Pinos Lodgepole Chipmonk
Mule Deer Nelson's Bighorn Sheep
Pallid Bat Peninsular Bighorn Sheep
Porcupine Racoon
Red Fox Ringtail
San Bernardino Dusky Shrew San Bernardino Flying Squirrel
San Bernardino Kangaroo Rat San Bernardino Pocket Mouse
San Diego Black Tailed Jackrabbit San Diego Desert Woodrat
San Joaquin Antelope Squirrel San Joaquin Kit Fox
Spotted Bat Stephen's Kangaroo Rat
Tehachapi White Pocket Mouse Townsends Big Eared Bat
Tule Elk Virgina Opossum
Western Grey Squirrel Western Mastiff Bat
Western Red Bat Western Small Fotted Myotis
Western Spotted Skunk Wild Burro
Wild Horse Wild Pig
Yuma Myotis

Reptiles Alligator Lizard Banded Rock Lizard
California Mountain Kingsnake Chuckawalla
Coachella Fringe-Toed Lizard Coast Horned Lizard
Common Garter Snake Common Kingsnake
Desert Horned Lizard Desert Iguana
Desert Night Lizard Desert Tortoise
Gila Monster Gopher Snake
Leaf Toed Gecko Long-nosed Leopard Lizard
Long-tailed Brush Lizard Mojave Rattlesnake
Red Diamondback Rattlesnake Rosey Boa
Sage Brush Lizard Sidewinder
Speckled Rattlesnake Tree Lizard
Western Banded Gecko Western Diamondback Rattlesnake
Western Fence Lizard Western (Pacific) Rattlesnake
Western Shovel-nosed Snake Western Skink
Western Terrestrial Garter Snake Western Whiptail
Zebra-Tailed Lizard

Birds Abert's Towhee Acorn Woodpecker
American Kestral Anna's Hummingbird
Bald Eagle Barn Owl
Burrowing Owl Bushtit
Cactus Wren California Condor
California Quail Canyon Wren
Chipping Sparrow Cliff Swallow
Common Raven Costa's Hummingbird
Gambel's Quail Gila Woodpecker
Golden Eagle Greater Roadrunner
Great Horned Owl Mountain Bluebird
Mountain Chickadee Mountain Quail
Mourning Dove Northern Flicker
Northern Mockingbird Pygmy Nuthatch
Pinyon Jay Red-tailed Hawk
Rufous Hummingbird Savannah Sparrow
Steller's Jay Townsend's Warbler
Turkey Vulture Violet & Green Swallow
Western Meadowlark Western Scrubjay
White-throated Swift